Thursday, October 17, 2019

The Political Classification of France Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

The Political Classification of France - Essay Example For instance, it recently contributed to the fall of dictatorial leadership of Libya in Africa. The country has experienced many rulers under a monarchy and even empire1. The political institutions in the Country have undergone several changes since the 1789 revolution. This paper brings to attention the study of France as a country and its classification in terms of politics. Regime European countries have for a long time employed communism. Liberalization in the region introduced the issue of totalitarianism2. In the period between 1922 and 1989, there were waves of democratization which were reversed by authoritarian and totalitarian systems of governance which believed in the ideologies of National Socialism and communism. This was also the case in France which is among the European countries. The regime that is in use today in the country is totalitarianism. System of governance of the French Republic Most countries have their system of governance which may differ or be the same as of the other countries. They chose between presidential system of governance where power is not confined to one person and parliamentary system of government where executive power is rested upon collective executives. Adoption of any system under which power is shared is intensely critical in the political economy of a particular nation. France has been under a hybrid system since it was made to be a fifth republic. The system of the government is based on characteristics of both the presidential and parliamentary systems3. This means that, the country partially separates the powers and partially fuses them. The hybrid form of the republican government was created by the constitution of the fifth republic which was fully in use, in the year 1958. The authority that the parliament had been cut down, and the president was embrowned with a lot of powers such as the power to dissolve the National assembly and power to appoint the prime Minister. This was rhetoric since the prime min ister had authority as the heads the council of ministers and he was also the leader of the party that had the majority seats in the National Assembly. France was termed as a sovereign country, according to this constitution. It stated that the national sovereignty belongs to the citizens of France. The constitution further gives people the right to practice their political desire in elections and referenda which took place after some specified period. Legislature of France The legislative France is entailed in the parliament. The parliament is composed of two chambers namely the National Assembly and the Senate. The two are referred to as â€Å"Assemblee Nationale† and â€Å"Senat† in French. The senate has approximately 318 members who are elected indirectly by an institution set for the purpose. The upper chamber, which is the National Assembly, is more powerful than the Senate, although both chambers share legislative authority. Members of the national assembly are about 577 in number and are elected directly by the citizens of France. The members of the senate serve a term of nine years in which a third of the seats fall for elections after every three years4. The national assembly serves for a period of five years. The charter, which is in use now, was adopted in 1958 and revised in 1962, established the Fifth Republic and provided for a powerful president, and a bicameral legislature with less power than it had in the past. The Constitution of France France has had

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